A school based program to prevent adolescent dating violence
A TDV prevention program aimed at promoting healthy relationships at this developmentally important age holds tremendous promise.The primary aim is to determine whether Fourth R reduces students' TDV, as indexed by less perpetration and victimization of physical, sexual, and psychological TDV, relative to students in control schools.The review also found that the programs appeared to be effective in reducing violent behavior among students in all school environments, regardless of socioeconomic status, race and ethnicity, or crime rate.The evidence also shows that specific programs have been associated with reductions in delinquency and alcohol and substance abuse, and improvements in academic performance.The Good Behavior Game—a classroom management strategy that is designed to reduce aggression among children ages 6 to 10—costs 6 (in 2014 dollars) per student each year and resulted in a total benefit-to-cost ratio estimate of :1.PATHS—a classroom-based social-emotional learning program designed to reduce aggression and to improve self-control, interpersonal relationships, and social problem-solving skills among elementary school students—costs 4 (in 2014 dollars) per student each year and resulted in a total benefit-to-cost ratio estimate of :1.
These programs are usually taught in a school setting and follow a structured curriculum (YG-Dating violence).The secondary aims are to determine whether Fourth R, relative to control, 1) improves students' [relationship quality], emotional well-being, and increases their acquisition and use of healthy relationship skills, as indexed by improved problem-solving, communication, and conflict resolution skills; 2) ameliorates the modifiable cognitive and behavioral correlates associated with the perpetration and victimization of TDV, as indexed by fewer attitudes justifying dating violence, decreased substance use, risky sexual behavior, fighting, and bullying, increased school connectedness, improved academic performance, and decreased psychological symptoms; and [3) improves school climate as indexed by student, teacher, and staff reports of school environment as it relates to healthy relationships and TDV; and by reductions in school disciplinary actions related to violence, substance use, and academic failure].Prespecified differences by gender and ethnicity will be examined, as well as the acquisition and utilization of various program components.The Fourth R program (CBPP-Fourth R), Safe Dates (YG-Program search, Whitaker DJ, Morrison S, Lindquist C, et al. Link to original source (journal subscription may be required for access)De Koker P, Mathews C, Zuch M, Bastien S, Mason-Jones AJ. Link to original source (journal subscription may be required for access)).A critical review of interventions for the primary prevention of perpetration of partner violence. A systematic review of interventions for preventing adolescent intimate partner violence. Fourth R substantially reduces violent delinquency among youth with a history of child maltreatment and also increases participating adolescents’ condom use (CBPP-Fourth R).