This look at the multifaceted history of the chandelier is not exhaustive, but does cover many periods of time and how people lit their spaces in each one.
The basic parts of chandeliers actually date to prehistoric times and early civilizations.
Another style of chandelier, the Dutch brass ball-stem style that is still used today, is depicted in the 1663 painting by Gerrit Dou, who was a student of Rembrandt.
England imported a great amount of Dutch brass work, but then British crafters learned to reproduce the brass ball-stem style and later implemented crystal.
Classic Dutch chandelier style is often used in churches and can sometimes still be seen there today.
The first rock crystal chandeliers appeared in the 17th century.
Candles were also so expensive and scarce that people hid them during the day.
(The good news is that Dinant was rebuilt.) Meanwhile in Italy, Venetian glassmakers establish a guild in 1224 to help them practice their art.In 1676, a Brit named George Ravenscroft patented a new kind of glass for crystals: flint glass, which contains a lot of lead oxide.The lead oxide makes glass clearer, easier to cut and prismatic.The earliest painting featuring a chandelier is (1434) by Jan Van Eyck.You can see the painting, with its ornate chandelier, at the right.
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The chandelier is a signature of lighting design and has been one throughout the years, but its history goes back even further than people may think.